Posted in Orthopedic

All You Should Know about Arthritis and Its Latest Treatment Methods

You wake up in the morning feeling pain in one of your bones. You feel your joint is dry and you cannot even use that body part the least. Because if you move it, it gets worse and you feel an agonizing pain. This pain is felt more in the morning or after prolonged rest and may be due to arthritis.

If you also have experienced this pain, let’s go through this writing and discuss more about this disease and its treatment methods i.e. arthritis cure. That is, to talk about what is osteoarthritis and why it happens, and to analyze different methods to treat it, so that we can understand the best way to eliminate arthritic pain.

What Is Arthritis and Why Does It Happen?

In order to know more about arthritis, let’s take a brief look at the circumstances in which you can use your bones and body organs without any problems. For example, the case of opening and closing your hand. In doing so, you bring your forearms upwards and your hand bends at the elbow. Your elbow plays the role of a joint between the forearm bone and the arm bone.

The joints make it easy for you to do physical movements like opening and closing your hands, walking, jumping and the like. The joints do this using a tissue called cartilage. The cartilage has a slippery form, and its function is to make it possible for bones to glide smoothly and without friction on each other.

Let’s imagine that the joints and cartilage did not exist, what would happen? In that case, when you move your hand, the bones of your forearm and arm were rubbed over each other and the slightest movement of your hand would be very painful. This is the same as arthritis.

Therefore, osteoarthritis is a type of joint disease that is caused by the loss or thinning of the cartilage, causing pain when you move your articular organs.

What Is Arthritis and Why Does It Happen?
Source: arthritis.org

Arthritis Occurs in Body Joints (or the place where two bones are connected)

There are about 200 cartilaginous joints in the body. All of these joints can be worn away for a variety of reasons (which will be briefly reviewed later on). But some of the main body joints are more at the risk of osteoarthritis. For an overview of these types of arthritis, a general analysis of them is given. Then, we will thoroughly analyze different types of arthritis in the next articles.

Arthritis in Knee

Arthritis in Knee

When knee cartilage is lost, people feel severe pain in knee and leg, especially while lifting up, sitting, walking up the stairs. In knee arthritis, even the movement of the bones is accompanied by a clacking sound.

Spinal Arthritis

Spinal Arthritis

This is an arthritis in the lower extremities of the waist and hips. The pain of spinal osteoarthritis intensifies when you want to move again after remaining immobile for some time, bending over backwards or side bending and walking and in extreme cases, even with sneezing.

What Is Spinal Arthritis or Back Osteoarthritis?

Thoracic Osteoarthritis and Osteoarthritis in Pelvis

If the pelvic cartilage becomes worn, the pelvis or leg joints become inflamed, causing pain and stiffness when walking, bending, doing heavy activities and even in sitting or sleeping for a long time.

Arthritis in Hands

Arthritis in Hands

Hand osteoarthritis is usually called arthritis in wrist. It occurs in the base of the thumb (where the finger is attached to the wrist) and in distal and medial phalanges.

Shoulder Arthritis

In this type of arthritis, severe pain is accompanied by a noise of the collision of two surfaces. As time passes, the pain increases to such an agonizing feeling that does not let the person sleep! He /she cannot do simple routine tasks such as dressing, driving, and the like.

Neck Arthritis (Cervical Spondylosis)

Neck Arthritis (Cervical Spondylosis)

In neck osteoarthritis, neck pain spreads along from the back of the neck to the shoulder and the upper parts of the waist and back of the head, It causes pressure on the neural roots, which can cause permeating pains in the neurons’ path till tip of the toes.

In neck osteoarthritis, neck pain spreads along from the back of the neck to the shoulder and the upper parts of the waist and back of the head, It causes pressure on the neural roots, which can cause permeating pains in the neurons’ path till tip of the toes.

Osteoarthritis Has Not One, but Multiple Causes

Osteoarthritis has not one single cause. Researches show that arthritis is generally due to the combination of some of the causes mentioned below.

Arthritis Can Be Congenital

Arthritis is a type of disease that can also be inherited from a family member. For example, one of the family members has one of the causative agents of osteoarthritis such as body part curvature, and the person inherits this defection.

The Possibility of Osteoarthritis Increases with Age

As the age increases, the water in the cartilage decreases and thus the risk of developing arthritis is higher. This is the exact reason why most people over 50 suffer from osteoarthritis.

Obesity Affects Arthritis

Every 5 kilos overweight increases the chance of osteoarthritis by up to 50%! Overweight causes high pressure on some joints, which can ultimately lead to joint damage and arthritis.

Obesity can lead to osteoarthritis not only due to weight pressure on the body, but also due to secretion of certain substances from fats that damage the cartilage tissue.

Mechanical Life and Wrong Use of the Body Causes Osteoarthritis

If you have not already been so kind to your body i.e. you have moved heavy equipment, have not exercised enough, have not sit correctly and have devoted continuous hours using computers or cellphones, you have increased the risk of developing arthritis.

Joint Injuries Can Cause Arthritis

Damage to the joints such as an accident and torn ligament or activities such as heavy exercise or dancing can cause osteoarthritis.

Some Diseases Have an Effect on Osteoarthritis

Some inflammatory diseases such as Perthes, all arthritic chronic diseases (such as gout and rheumatoid arthritis), and even diseases such as diabetes and alkaptonuriaand infectious diseases can contribute to the incidence of osteoarthritis.

Arthritis Has Also Recognizable Symptoms

When a joint suffers from osteoarthritis, it shows some symptoms. However, one cannot accurately say that a particular symptom can definitely confirm the existence of arthritis. Nevertheless, some arthritis symptoms are more common. For example, most people with osteoarthritis complain from joint pains. This pain decreases while relaxing and increases while having physical activities. Therefore, I can say that the first and most tangible symptom of arthritis is pain!

Dryness of joints after a prolonged rest can also be indicative of osteoarthritis. This means that the joint may remain motionless for a while and you feel pain when you want to move it again.

You may have seen people suffering from osteoarthritis, especially when they wake up in the morning or after they sit too long in the car, who walk hardly when they want to, but after a while, walk in a more easy and normal way.

Other symptoms of arthritis include reduced flexibility and joint stiffness. It is as if your joints rubbed against each other and sounded. You feel the bone is more bulky and sensitive to the touch. I suggest you to contact your doctor if you discovered any of these symptoms.

It Is Better to Diagnose and Treat Arthritis as Quickly as Possible

Arthritis is a phenomenon that occurs gradually. Initially, the body tries to repair these minor joint and cartilage damages and usually succeeds in doing so. However, over time, the number and severity of these injuries can increase and the body cannot keep repairing and improving all of them. Here, the body tries to alert you by sending pain signals to your brain.

The arthritis pain will first happen only by moving the joint. However, after some time, damaged parts will appear at the edge of the bones, which makes you feel pain in your joints even when you do not move at all. Therefore, if you see the symptoms of osteoarthritis hurry up and see a doctor.

The doctor, at first stage tries to gain information about your medical history, activities and existing symptoms. Then, they test the joint movement by using physical examinations. Ultimately, through detailed radiological examinations, they carefully examine the details of joint pain.

Radiography or imaging using X-rays is the most commonly used method for arthritis diagnosis. By examining your radiographic images, the physician can check for suspicious changes, such as cartilage loss, bone damage and joint cavity condition.

On the other hand, radiography has one drawback: if arthritis is in its initial stages, it will be hard to detect. At these situations, if the doctor were uncertain about the test result, he would request a Magnetic Resonance Imaging (abbreviated as MRI) to find out more precisely about it.

Treatment of Arthritis Is Possible Using These Methods

As discussed earlier, osteoarthritis disease progresses more over time and its pain increases, as well. So, if you see the symptoms, take actions to improve the disease. There are several ways to improve and treat arthritis. However, the point to note is that all these actions should be done with the advice of a doctor and under his/her supervision in order not to have any side effects.

Use of Medication, a Temporary Method for Arthritis Treatment

To treat mild osteoarthritis, your doctor may prescribe downer medications such as acetaminophen, aspirin and ibuprofen. Some other doctors may use topical sedative injectable drugs such as diclofenac and corticosteroids, or joint injectable drugs such as hydrocortisone.

Medications should be used from few weeks to one month, so your doctor will re-evaluate your condition. Given the effectiveness of the drugs, he/she will make new decisions. It also should be mentioned that medications can help reduce inflammation in the joint which decreases pain. Moreover, by decreasing inflammation, the joint damage may be slowed.

In other words, medications can reduce arthritis pain and joint inflammation during this one-month period, but keep in mind that relieving pain can only sweep the disease under the carpet. With this, your osteoarthritis may get worse and get you in trouble.

Weight Loss, an Effective Solution for Osteoarthritis Treatment

Losing weight for people suffering from obesity and arthritis at the same time is very effective in arthritis treatment. This will reduce pressure on the joints and decrease bone inflammation and swelling. Weight loss for relieving osteoarthritis pain is 20% more effective than taking medicines.

Extremely Practical Exercise for the Treatment of Arthritis

Extremely Practical Exercise for the Treatment of Arthritis

Working out and physiotherapy exercises is another effective way to treat osteoarthritis. The doctor, in accordance with the severity of osteoarthritis and your physical condition, gives you a series of exercises that you must practice them at least three times a week. These exercises include walking and exercise in the water, which helps you to maintain your body balance and increase the strength of the joints.

Arthritis Treatment with Herbal Medicines

You can use ginger, soy extract – avocados, cherries, turmeric and cinnamon or other things having amounts of vitamin C or D to treat osteoarthritis. However, you should not consume these herbal medicines excessively in order not to suffer from any possible side effects.

The Arthritis Surgery, the Last Way of Treatment

If the severity of osteoarthritis is, so much that affects the quality of patient’s life and if using conservative methods like medical and herbal treatments or exercise is not successful, the doctor will use surgery to treat arthritis. In this operation, the cartilage is transferred from other parts of the body to the damaged part or a joint with artificial pieces called prosthesis replaces the joint.

Ozonotherapy, a Simple but Wonderful Injection!

Ozonotherapy is a new, almost painless and without side effects treatment method that is used to reduce joint inflammation and repair skeletal and muscular injuries such as arthritis injuries.

In this method, by injecting the ozone gas under the skin and into tendons and muscles, the adequate oxygen will be supplied at the worn out tissues of the joint. This will stop the joint destruction process, resulting in slow arthritis progress or its complete stop.

The ozone therapy is very suitable for elderly people who cannot bear surgery, and young ones who do not need osteoarthritis surgery.

PRP

This treatment is as simple as a blood transfusion! Perhaps it is a bit hard to believe, to treat arthritis; they only put some blood in one device …

Platelet is a group of blood cells that are activated in response to tissue damage and vascular rupture, which improves and repairs vulnerable tissues.

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